Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Ethical Theories :: Philosophy Philosophical Essays

Ethical Theories Hedonism and self-realization are ethical theories that take roots in the works of Greek philosophers and that developed many branches throughout the human history. Hedonism is based on the recognition of pleasure (or happiness) and avoidance of pain as an ultimate goal of any human being and thus establish a moral ground for one’s acting in striving to be happy. In early stages, hedonism took individualistic forms of Cyrenaic and Epicurean theories. In order to lead a good life, the Cyrenaics propose to actively seek intense momentary pleasure (of any duration) from our everyday life maintaining that pleasures of our senses and the body are preferable to pleasures derived from the mind. In contrast to Cyrenaics, the Epicurean theory denies active seeking of pleasure in favor of avoidance of pain (in fact, Epicurean view defines pleasure as avoidance of pain) and stresses the importance of long-run mental contentment in life. While Cyrenaics and Epicureans sought pleasure only for themselves exercising individualistic hedonism, Stuart Mill’s theory is an example of universalistic hedonism which takes into account not only the pleasure people can gain for themselves but also how those pleasure-seeking actions affect other individuals and society in general and whose ultimate goal is to increase the amount of happiness for humankind as a whole. Specifically, Stuart Mill adhered to the theory of utilitarianism (a social hedonism) that states that moral actions are right if they produce â€Å"the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of persons.† The significance of his work is in introduction of the qualitative aspect of pleasure into utilitarianism. According to Mill, there are different kinds of pleasure and the more desirable of any two kinds is the one that is agreed to be more valuable or desirable for the majority of people who experienced both. The intellectual pleasure d erived from art, music, etc. is considered to be higher than physical pleasure derived from sex, eating, etc. Based on the classification of different kinds of pleasure performed by experts the moral values of the society can be developed and then followed by everyone. To avoid immoral actions that can be justified as means of maximizing happiness, Mill adheres to rule-utilitarian view which states that an action is right if it is based on a rule that maximizes happiness of the affected population as opposed to act-utilitarianism that evaluates the action itself. For example, a rule of helping others maximizes happiness in general so we should follow this rule. Ethical Theories :: Philosophy Philosophical Essays Ethical Theories Hedonism and self-realization are ethical theories that take roots in the works of Greek philosophers and that developed many branches throughout the human history. Hedonism is based on the recognition of pleasure (or happiness) and avoidance of pain as an ultimate goal of any human being and thus establish a moral ground for one’s acting in striving to be happy. In early stages, hedonism took individualistic forms of Cyrenaic and Epicurean theories. In order to lead a good life, the Cyrenaics propose to actively seek intense momentary pleasure (of any duration) from our everyday life maintaining that pleasures of our senses and the body are preferable to pleasures derived from the mind. In contrast to Cyrenaics, the Epicurean theory denies active seeking of pleasure in favor of avoidance of pain (in fact, Epicurean view defines pleasure as avoidance of pain) and stresses the importance of long-run mental contentment in life. While Cyrenaics and Epicureans sought pleasure only for themselves exercising individualistic hedonism, Stuart Mill’s theory is an example of universalistic hedonism which takes into account not only the pleasure people can gain for themselves but also how those pleasure-seeking actions affect other individuals and society in general and whose ultimate goal is to increase the amount of happiness for humankind as a whole. Specifically, Stuart Mill adhered to the theory of utilitarianism (a social hedonism) that states that moral actions are right if they produce â€Å"the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of persons.† The significance of his work is in introduction of the qualitative aspect of pleasure into utilitarianism. According to Mill, there are different kinds of pleasure and the more desirable of any two kinds is the one that is agreed to be more valuable or desirable for the majority of people who experienced both. The intellectual pleasure d erived from art, music, etc. is considered to be higher than physical pleasure derived from sex, eating, etc. Based on the classification of different kinds of pleasure performed by experts the moral values of the society can be developed and then followed by everyone. To avoid immoral actions that can be justified as means of maximizing happiness, Mill adheres to rule-utilitarian view which states that an action is right if it is based on a rule that maximizes happiness of the affected population as opposed to act-utilitarianism that evaluates the action itself. For example, a rule of helping others maximizes happiness in general so we should follow this rule.

Monday, January 13, 2020

The Great Gatsby Quotations

Figurative Language: Foreshadowing is used in this. When Jordan says this it foreshadows on the accident Of Daisy hitting Myrtle. 3) â€Å"Some time toward midnight Tom Buchanan and Mrs.. Wilson stood face to face in impassioned voices whether Mrs.. Wilson had any right to mention Daisy name. â€Å"Daisy! Daisy! Daisy! † shouted Mrs.. Wilson. â€Å"I'll say it whenever want to! Daisy! Dad-† Making a short deft movement Tom Buchanan broke her nose with his open hand. Importance: The importance of this quote is showing how the richer class people think that being snobs makes them â€Å"fancy†.It shows how the era this book was set in was a time much different hen ours. Symbolism: This shows how Tom is unworthy of Daisy and her love, no matter what his social status. It is also showing the darker side of the jazz era. Seeming Nick did not respond to Tom hitting myrtle this shows you his non-judgmental side to him. Figurative Language: Personification is used here w hen â€Å"Impassioned voices† is said, as well as â€Å"a short deft movement. † 4) â€Å"l believe that on the first night I went to Gatsby house I was one of the few guests who had actually been invited. People were not invited-?they went there. Importance: The importance Of this quote is that it is showing how society used Gatsby, they didn't know him or particularly like him, but they felt more then happy, and welcome to party at his house. Even though he would throw a party for all of New York the East egger wouldn't accept him. This also shows the general corruption of the roaring ass's. It also helps show that people wanted to escape from their empty lives. Symbolism: This quote helps show that for some reason Gatsby wanted to meet Nick, he wanted to make sure that Nick showed up. Which then helps you realize that Nick has a connection to someone or something that Gatsby wants.Which would be Daisy. Figurative Language: Foreshadowing is used. Because the fact th at Gatsby invited Nick, and no one else shows that he wants to see him badly for some reason. Which is then explained later on in the book. 5) â€Å"A stout, middle-aged man, with enormous owl-eyed spectacles, was sitting somewhat drunk on the edge of a great table, staring with unsteady concentration at the shelves of books. As we entered he wheeled excitedly around and examined Jordan from head to foot. â€Å"What do you think? † he demanded impetuously. â€Å"About what? † He waved his hand towards the bookshelves â€Å"About that.As a matter of fact you needn't bother to ascertain. I ascertained they re real. â€Å"The books? † He nodded. â€Å"Absolutely read-they have pages and everything. I thought theft be a nice durable cardboard. Matter of fact they're absolutely real. Pages and-Here! Lemma show you. † Importance: This quote is important to the plays pot because it helps describe how real of a man Gatsby is compared to the rest of the people i n society. It shows how Gatsby is genuine, and isn't just an illusion like everybody else in society in the ass's was. Symbolism: The constant bringing up of â€Å"owl eyes† in the book is symbolizing wisdom.It symbolizes that Gatsby is a wise man. It also symbolizes for how Gatsby is blinded by assays beauty and for his love for her. Figurative Language: Owl eyes is used as a symbol in this quote, they come up often in the book. They symbolize for how Gatsby has a difficult time separating the ideal from the real. 6) â€Å"l hope she'll be a fool-?that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool†¦ You see, I think everything terrible anyhow†¦ And I know. I've been everywhere and seen everything and done everything. Importance: Daisy says this to Nick and Jordan, talking about how she hopes her daughter will turn out.Importance of this is that it shows that she lives in a time when Oman are not expected to be quite intelligent, she hopes t hat her daughter can be a â€Å"beautiful fool†. Woman in this era were expected to be docile. Importance to Character: This shows how she refers to the social values of her era, but does not challenge them. Instead Daisy describes her own boredom with life, and believes that a girl can have more fun in her time when she is beautiful and simplistic. Daisy conforms to the social standard of American femininity in the 1 dad's to avoid tension issues as her undying love for Gatsby.Figurative Language: This foreshadows on Tom having a mistress because Daisy is a fool. She has no idea that Tom has a mistress, so she herself is a â€Å"beautiful† fool. 7) ‘There must have been moments even that afternoon when Daisy tumbled short of his dreams-not through her own fault but because of the colossal vitality of his illusion. It had gone beyond her, beyond everything. He had thrown himself into it with a creative passion†¦ † Importance: The importance of this quo te is that it explains how Gatsby expected more out of Daisy then what she could give.He expected her to be the same Daisy that he had fallen in love with before the war, and he expected her to love only Gatsby and not Gatsby and Tom. Symbolism: This shows that Gatsby is that Daisy is the golden girl. A symbolic validation that his love for her makes him a real man, while to Daisy, Gatsby is symbolic of freedom and escape, everything that Daisy wants 8) â€Å"She was appalled by West Egg†¦ By its raw vigor that chafed†¦ And by the too obtrusive fate that herded it's inhabitants along a short-cut from nothing to nothing.She saw something awful in the very simplicity she failed to understand† Importance: This quote shows how Daisy is a judgmental character and does not understand what it is like to not have much money to upend. Daisy doesn't understand the amusement of new wealth partying crowd. Daisy grew up knowing that there must be a concrete difference between po or and rich. Daisy and Tom like the old traditional way of wealth, the status and reputation. They like the â€Å"classy' way of life, so when there is woman there asking to daisy to have a cold shower, she is disgusted that a woman would let herself get that drunk.Symbolism: This quote shows how Daisy loves Gatsby. Even though this party disgusted her and Tom, she still tries to defend Gatsby when Tom says something nasty about the party. She rises to explain that a lot of people who weren't invited must have came, and those were the people that are acting not appropriately. 9) â€Å"You ought to go away:' I said. â€Å"It's pretty certain thefts trace your car† â€Å"Go away now, old sport? â€Å"Go to Atlantic city for a week, or up to Montreal† He wouldn't consider it. He couldn't possibly leave Daisy until he knew what she was going to do.He was clutching at some last hope and couldn't bear to shake him free. † Importance: This quote shows that Gatsby is too hung up on Daisy that he can't leave without her. He believes himself to be so in love with her that e can't leave. Gatsby doesn't know that his life is at risk because Mr.. Wilson is running around the countryside trying to find the owner of the yellow car. Symbolism: This quote shows how Gatsby lives Off Of hope. It shows how hope is the only thing that is keeping him from loneliness, and from just giving up. 0) minis is a valley of ashes-?a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of gray cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-gray men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their obscure operations form your sight. Importance: The val ley of ashes is a dividing point between West egg and East egg, It is a division between two totally different life styles, West egg is a place full of people who are happy and searching for what to be, while East egg is full of people who are wealthy and spend money on whatever they like, while in the middle, is the valley of ashes. A place that is burnt down, nothing but grey from ashes, where it is filthy and dusty, and people are just getting by. Symbolism: The Valley of Ashes symbolizes for a place of death, of something dark.It symbolizes that dreams are left there, and that there is no hope there. The Valley of Ashes is a place where god sees everything, because of the large billboard with the dry in the large glasses on it. 1 1) â€Å"It makes me sad because Eve never seen such- beautiful shirts before† Importance: This quote shows you how Daisy is very materialistic. After seeing Gatsby mansion, and finally seeing his bedroom and the mount of money/things he ash, she becomes overwhelmed. Symbolism: The shirts symbolize for something of the bigger picture. They symbolize a rainbow, especially because it is raining outside.The shirts show her how Gatsby become wealthy for her to love him because he knows that she is materialistic, she starts sobbing because she knows she can never return the ardent love for him. 12) ‘They were careless people, Tom and Daisy—they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together and let other people clean up the sees they had made† Importance: Tom is careless because he goes out and cheats on Daisy with myrtle, while Daisy is careless because she lets Tom go out and snoop.It makes you wonder how Gatsby received his endless amounts of money he seems to have. 4) â€Å"If it wasn't for the mist we could see your home across the bay†¦ You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of yo ur dock. † Importance: This quote shows how Gatsby is so in love with Daisy that he bought a house right across the bay from her, just so he could see the green light at the end of her dock. It's not quite enough for him, but its just enough to keep that hope their in Gatsby mind.Symbolism: The green light is a symbolic representation of Daisy, Which is everything that Gatsby desires. It shows how much he truly loves her. 15) ‘With every word she was drawing further and further into herself, so he eve that up, and only the dean dream fought on as the afternoon slipped away, trying to touch what was no longer tangible, struggling unhappily, UN- despairingly, toward the lost voice across the room† Importance: This quote shows how when Gatsby is speaking to Daisy, he realizes that she will never be his, the way that she was before.He realizes that he had lost her for good, and that she was never coming back again. Symbolism: This quote shows an illusion. It shows how Daisy was all a made up illusion in his mind, and he made her to be greater then what she actually was. Just like the American Dream, his hopes were crushed.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Ending Homelessness Essay - 1872 Words

Homelessness is a growing epidemic across the country. This terrible misfortune has led to many unsuspecting people leading impoverished lifestyles, and facing the horrific and heart-wrenching tragedy of abandonment. The purpose of this essay is to not only persuade the readers to get involved in ending homelessness on local and national efforts, but to embrace new and creative ways of helping to end this rapidly growing problem, by taking action to end this catastrophic situation. Also, I will demonstrate the causes and effects of the homeless resorting to violence, by using comparison and contrast to examine the views and standpoints on helping the forgotten, so that we might end this calamity once and for all. In an increasingly†¦show more content†¦It is crucial that we find new and creative ways of helping the homeless, through education, recreation, religion, and the revamping of homeless shelters. I implore you to help the destitute, so that we might end this travesty once and for all. To employ to my viewpoint, it is important that you open you mind to gain a wealth of fascinating information, that will help you to understand that the homeless should be able to receive an education, in pursuit of a better life. Education is as old as civilization, and aims at producing intelligent, responsible, well-informed citizens, who take an active interest in the world around them. Education includes a variety of learning experiences. Acquiring knowledge, skills, habits, values, and attributes, can better help our homeless to become useful and productive members of society, and shape their character in hopes that it will remain with them throughout their lives. Education is more important today than ever before. It provides them with the specialized training that they will need, to prepare for a job or career. Education also helps people adjust to change. This benefit has become increasingly important, because social changes today take place with increasi ng speed, and affect the lives of a great many people. Recreation is something that not only gives us pleasure, but also helps to renew or recreate the mind and body.Show MoreRelatedEnding Homelessness in America634 Words   |  3 Pageseasily lead someone into a financial struggle. This can lead to homelessness. Homelessness is not a lifestyle that one would choose by choice. In 2003, there has been ... as many as 1.3 million Canadians that have experienced homelessness...at some point during the last 5 years. Affordable housing costs less on an annual basis compared to putting the homeless in prison. Canada was the last to have an action plan towards ending homelessness and as we are understanding; the prisons are being over-populatedRead MoreHomelessness Is A Basic Need And All Human Beings Essay1137 Words   |  5 Pagesshelter, they not find a home. Homelessness has become rampant throughout the US population. Each day more and more people are reported not to have this basic need, sleeping in the streets and wandering all day long . This has become a major area of concern for the government, social services providers and social policy makers. The government through the US Department of Housing and Urban Development has put in enormous efforts to combat the annual rise in homelessness but the situation has not significantlyRead MoreCase Study : Ending A Never Ending Story1685 Words   |  7 PagesCampaign name: Ending a never-ending story. (Queensland) Executive Summary Situation Analysis and research Homelessness becomes a noteworthy matter in Australia in our time. Target publics People who suffering from homelessness and domestic/ family violence. Objectives (S.M.A.R.T): providing volunteer activities (April,2017), creating website ( early 2017) selling clothe at charity event ( every 3 weeks in 2017), recording documentary movie ( early 2017 ) Strategy: using both emotion and characterRead MoreHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness1350 Words   |  6 PagesHomelessness There are many parts to the subject of homelessness, of course people talk about the solutions to it like The Ten Year Plan, then there is the history of it starting from the 1640’s. Also there is discussions about Homeless Shelters and more recently Anti-homeless Legislation. Then there are always the staggering statistics. The homeless is a very one minded topic for most. Most people think that the homeless should be helped, cared for, and educated for success. This is true (at leastRead MoreHomelessness Is A Prevalent And Progressive Issue Within Australia Essay1445 Words   |  6 PagesAssignment Homelessness is a prevalent and progressive issue within Australia that is particularly susceptible to women and children. The homeless are a hidden minority of people with limited access to government and agency resources. The experiences of homelessness often results in the loss of basic determinants of health such as a substantial home, food or education. The National Health Care facility defines homelessness as more than just ‘sleeping rough’. Contrary to popular belief, homelessness canRead MoreThe Homelessness : Why Should We Care About Homeless People?865 Words   |  4 PagesEnding Homelessness Why should we care about homeless people? That’s the kind of attitude you can witness that people have towards the homeless. Homelessness is a pretty common occurrence which might be a reason for people’s indifference towards it. People are unaware of the circumstances surrounding the homeless, which can lead them to believe their situation is like that because of their own personal choice. That is not entirely true and it’s an issue that should be addressed properly. EveryoneRead More How Many People are Homeless? Essay1591 Words   |  7 Pagesis misleading. In most cases, homelessness is a temporary circumstance -- not a permanent condition. A more appropriate measure of the magnitude of homelessness is therefore how many people experience homelessness, not how many people are homeless. Studies of homelessness are complicated by problems of definitions and methodology. This fact sheet describes definitions of homelessness, methodologies for counting homeless people, and recent estimates of homelessness. Additional resources for furtherRead MoreThe Issue Of Homelessness : Homelessness1438 Words   |  6 Pages Homelessness is a crucial issue that seems to go unnoticed because apparently there’s more important issue than homelessness. When thinking about homelessness what is the first image that appears in your head? Do you picture adults sleeping under bridges? Do you think of the people whose standing on side the bridge begging for money as the cars pass? Or do you think of the other people sitting in front of the store asking for money? Is that all you see when you imagine someone being homelessRead MoreThe Effect of Homelessness on the Youth of America1086 Words   |  5 Pagesnight, you can find these children ducking into abandoned buildings, crammed up against alley dumpsters, curled inside the big yellow slide of a local playground. I imagine they are thankful for sleep, wary of a new day, but thankful nonetheless. Homelessness at such a young age if left alone, leads to increased rates of conflict. The more homeless youths now, the more our country as a whole will have to deal with divorce, mental illness, and the need for government assistance. We can prevent thisRead MoreHomelessness And The Streets Of New Haven1399 Words   |  6 PagesThe problem of homelessness in New Haven has left many children wandering around the street. Over the past few years, a significant number of children have been spotted in the streets and this has resulted in increased crime cases. Most of these children are students as the school districts have identified quite a number of homeless students in Connecticut. Apart from the problem of homelessness, dropping out of schools is also a leading cause of increased number of children in New Haven’s streets

Friday, December 27, 2019

Government Regulation of Illegal Logging and...

â€Å"The world’s rainforests could completely vanish in a hundred years at the current rate of deforestation.† Says National Geographic. The world’s forests play and important role in providing everyday necessary benefits such as food, water, shelter, clothing, traditional medicine, and most importantly, they maintain an equilibrium in the world’s environment, which if drastically altered, can negatively affect its surroundings. The two main causes that contribute to the deterioration and or extinction of the world’s forests are deforestation and illegal logging. Deforestation is the eradication of vast forests without replacing the lost trees by simultaneously planting new ones. Not all deforestation is intentional. Deforestation can be†¦show more content†¦In a scenario where heavy rains cause flooding on the soil, the toxic chemicals such as pesticides that were once either on the trees or in the crops, would meld into the water which e ventually drains into a nearby river or water source. These toxic substances are not only harmful to animals that could end up consuming the water, but also to humans who intake the water, bathe in it, or use it for the irrigation of their crops. Erosion also strips the land of its top soil, which is known to be the most fertile layer of land. The stripping away of this layer, deprives the land of being able to regenerate itself, and eventually results in barren land and forest extinction. Moreover, soil erosion can also cause famine in communities of people, as well as in animals. According to the New York Times, â€Å"While the rate of the worlds soil depletion is almost equal to that of its oil depletion, he said, the four major food-producing countries have done little to counter the projected long-term damage.† The world’s oil is depleting at a very fast pace and so it is shocking to imagine so much land being lost to erosion, drought, floods, and high winds every day. All of this, chained from the chopping down of vast forests. Soil erosion is also stopping the production of food and causing many people to starve. Farmers are going out of business and the availability of certain products also decreases. Subsequently, the erosion of topsoil, the mostShow MoreRelatedEnvironmental Pollution And Its Effects On The Country Of Indonesia1694 Words   |  7 Pagesmass deforestation, smog, water pollution, and various other forms of environmental destruction. As a poverty ridden nation lead by a government with too few resources at its disposal the issues of extreme pollution are often put on hold to other societal issues. In Indonesia, many forms of environmental pollution / destruction are not only affecting their population of well over a hundred million people, but also the surrounding areas, these forms of pollution include: water, deforestation, andRead MoreWhat Makes Life So Precious?882 Words   |  4 Pages But we forget the life we take for granted the most, Earth. In the Visual argument, a lung-shaped forest is depicted with a dying right lung. Deforestation is slowly eating at Earth and causing oxygen levels to plummet. In the image, the creator shows our environment s struggle to produce oxygen due to mankind’s greed, deforestation, and illegal logging. Mankind s greed has never been satisfied since the beginning of time. Human beings are always looking for a way forward and are never satisfiedRead MoreThe Most Crucial Problem of Philippine: Deforestation1153 Words   |  5 PagesPhilippine Deforestation: Final Paper Deforestation is one of the most crucial problem of the Philippines today, because of poor economic performance, weak polices, legal institutions and government laws, increasing population, poverty, corruption , agricultural expansion and lastly, extensive commercial logging activities. Philippines is a beautiful country rich in its biodiversity and natural resources, the country has 7,107 islands with a land area of 300,000 square kilometers. UnfortunatelyRead MoreThe Indonesian Forest Holocaust3277 Words   |  14 Pagesspecies, 16% of reptile species and 17% of the bird species (Hamilton 1996). In the late 1960s, commercial exploitation of Indonesia’s natural forests became a means to boost economic development under the Suharto’s regime by enabling the government to issue logging concessions. However, the lack of natural resource management of its natural forests caused backlash from locals and international communities led to the downfall of the Suharto regime i n 1998 (Yasmi, Guernier Colfer 2009). Since thenRead MoreCompare and Contrast Essay Deforestation in Brazil and Indonesia1071 Words   |  5 PagesDeforestation in Indonesia and Brazil Deforestation is normally referred to activities that all trees in forest are taken away through either the purpose is to get timber or to replace the area for alternative uses can cause environmental degradation, and pollution emission. There are similarities and differences of deforestation causes in Brazil and Indonesia. The objective of this essay is to compare and contrast the similarities and differences of deforestationRead MoreDeforestation And Its Effects On The Environment1616 Words   |  7 PagesBackground Webster dictionary defines deforestation as the action or process of clearing of forests. It occurs when humans desire to make use of land covered by forest for other purposes. This clearing of tree is concerning due to the fact that trees are being cut down at a rate much greater then they can grow back. This is called overshot, and can have a devastating impact on the environment. There is an estimated loss of 18 million acres of forest each year. That is roughly equivalent to the sizeRead MoreIllegal Logging in the Philippines1618 Words   |  7 Pagesthat human species is born unto trouble. On all sides of the world, we see violence, poverty, graft and corruption, pollution, deforestation, overpopulation, and so on, endlessly. We wonder what brought the world and the humankind into this deplorable condition. This prompted me to write this paper on one of the crucial environmental problem that we are facing: illegal logging. Forests in the tropics have a rich biodiversity. More than fifty percent of all the plants and animals in the world are toRead MoreDeforestation Is Infrastructure Expansion ( Geist Lambin ) Essay1374 Words   |  6 PagesThere are many causes/factors to deforestation, which are largely associated with direct human influence. The first proximate cause to deforestation is infrastructure expansion (Geist Lambin, 2002, p. 144). This refers to transportation (roads), private and public markets, rural and urban settlements, and private and public services (water lines, oil exploitation, etc†¦) (Geist Lambin, 2002, p. 144). The next cause is agricultural expansion, which includes, large or small-scale cultivations, shiftingRead MoreMoney Lauundering In Indonesia883 Words   |  4 Pages Furthermore, the financial institutions in Indonesia seem to be at a losing end when there is no strict regulations or legislations on money laundering activities in regards to forests-related activities. There is deficiencies in legislations for anti-money laundering and there is no stern legislation that prevents this malpractice but somehow the financial regulations is lenient on this due to bureaucratic rule. The Agricultural Research Development 2004 clearly emphasized in their report thatRead MoreGuajilote Cooperativo Forestal955 Words   |  4 Pagesconcern was deforestation through fires, illegal logging, and slash and burn agriculture. Lack of transportation was another major concern for Guajilote Cooperativo Forestal. The cooperative capital was not enough to buy trucks to secure the mahogany transportation. Their only distributor was taking advantage of that and was not paying enough for the wood. To conclude Guajilote was surrounded by potential restrictions by CITIES and COHDEFOR. In addition, the fires, illegal deforestation, and illegal

Thursday, December 19, 2019

The Destruction Of Women s Sports - 1518 Words

The destruction of women’s sports is on the rise, because males are identifying themselves as females and competing with an unfair advantage. The biological men are causing a controversal problem around the world. These men are breaking records and winning competitions in wrestling, weightlifting, track, softball, volleyball, basketball, mixed martial arts, and more. Equality, is asked from the Transgenders who are competing in women’s sports, but it is proven that men are bigger and stronger than women, so they are making the sports unfair for the biologically born women. All the attributes that come with being born a man will not go away, and you have got to accept the fact that you are a man. Changing your sex and identifying as a†¦show more content†¦The molecule, hemoglobin, carries oxygen to and from the muscles. Hemoglobin, allows the muscles to work harder for a longer period of time, so it is beneficial to have more. The higher aerobic capacity, gives men the advantage over women when running events over 800 meters. Men also have longer and stronger bones, they are denser and have stronger ligaments, which make men less prone to injury. Longer bones allow for men to be taller and have greater leverage. Moreover, they help support the large body frame of a man. This can be an enormous advantage when competing in sports such as wrestling, weightlifting, football, and mixed martial arts. On another occasion of events a mixed martial arts competitor, claimed to be overpowered when she fought a transgender female. She announced that her opponent had a stronger grip that was beyond anything she had ever gone against. A male has bigger hands and shoulders, they are mechanically better, so they can throw harder and faster punches. The transgender managed to knock out the female within the first two minutes of the first round. I am not surprised as it is basically a man fighting a woman. Many times lawsuits are filed against organizations , because of their rules that don’t allow transgender women to play. A lawsuit was once filed against the International Women’s Football League, because a transgender was denied the right to play for them. The league will only accept biologically born female players,Show MoreRelatedThe Destruction Of Women s Sports1465 Words   |  6 PagesThe destruction of women’s sports is on an upsurge, because males are identifying themselves as females and competing with an unfair advantage. The biological men are causing a controversial complication around the world. These men are breaking records and winning competitions in wrestling, weightlifting, track, softball, volleyball, basketball, mixed martial arts, and more. Requesting equality, the Transgenders are outraged about the regulations, but men are bigger and stronger than women, so theyRead MoreThe Fight Against Discrimination Today s Society1030 Words   |  5 PagesAndie Girard Mr. Morrow English-1D1 08 December 2015 The Fight Against Discrimination In Today s Society â€Å"Discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favour of, or against a person or thing based on the group, class, or which that person or thing is perceived to belong to rather than an individual being or object.† (Dictionary.com) Imagine living everyday hiding your true self, disguising the person you actually are and what real emotions you feel. People areRead MoreThe Fight Against Discrimination Today s Society1030 Words   |  5 Pages Andie Girard Mr. Morrow English-1D1 08 December 2015 The Fight Against Discrimination In Today s Society â€Å"Discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favour of, or against a person or thing based on the group, class, or which that person or thing is perceived to belong to rather than an individual being or object.† (Dictionary.com) Imagine living everyday hiding your true self, disguising the person you actually are and what real emotions you feel. PeopleRead MoreThe 1960s Of The 70s1674 Words   |  7 PagesI noticed in the 70s is that it is a continuation of the 60s. During this decade, women continued to fight for their equality and Americans joined the protest against the Vietnam War that was going on during this time. The 1970s was a time of great change. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Auditing Is the Process of Examining Different Kinds of Financial

Question: Auditing Is the Process of Examining How Different Kinds of Financial? Answer: Introduction In general, auditing is the process of examining different kinds of financial transductions and financial accounts of the business organizations so that any kind of mistakes and fraudulent can be spotted (Pitt, 2014). In this era of technological development, one of the major auditing concepts is the process of IT Auditing. IT audit has a great importance in todays business organizations. IT audit refers to the process to examine and evaluate the information technology infrastructure, policies and various operations of the business organizations (Meyer, 2016). The main objective of IT audit is to protect the corporate assets of the business organizations, to ensure the integrity of data and also to ensure that all the data and information is properly aligned with the overall objective of the organizations (Arens, Elder Mark 2012). The process of IT audit has utmost importance to the business organizations as it ensures that all the IT systems of the organizations are effectively pro tected. The process of IT audit helps to provide reliable information to the stakeholders of the business. Same as the general auditing procedure, IT audit procedure also needs to follow the general legislation of the auditing profession. One of the major factors in the process of IT audit is the Generally Accepted Auditing Principles, commonly known as GAAP. Another major concept of IT audit is the legislation of ISACAs COBIT. ISACAs COBIT is a framework for the process of IT audit that govern different kinds of risks and security issues in the process of IT audit. Relevant Legislation of IT Audit In Australia, there are different kinds of legislation regarding the process of auditing. These legislations general audit legislations that is they are applicable for the general auditing and IT auditing. Names of some of the major auditing legislations are the main aim of this standard. One of the major auditing legislation is the Auditor-General Act 1997 (legislation.gov.au, 2017). This act deals with all the aspects of the appointment of the general auditors in the organizations. This act deals with appointment of the general auditor, to set the function of the general auditors and various other aspects related with the general auditors. Another crucial legislation is the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (anao.gov.au, 2017). The main objective of this legislation of this law is to include the governance, responsibility and accountability in the operations of the auditors. Another important legislation regarding the audit profession is Australia National Audit Office (ANAO) Auditing Standard (auasb.gov.au, 2017). As per this audit legislation, the audit performance, financial statement of the companies, assurance of the reviewed audit report are designed in order to provide the desired level of assurance in the audit profession. Some of the important factors in this regard are the provided assurance by the auditors, the expertise of the auditors, the process of internal control of the auditors, various types of cost considerations and many others. These are the major legislations regarding the process of auditors. Apart from this, there are many other legislation in the audit profession. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (GAAS) One of the major aspects in the process of auditing is the GAAS standards. GAAS stands for Generally Accepted Auditing Standards. GAAS refers to a set of principles or standards against which the quality of the audit operations is measured or the quality of auditing is judged (aicpa.org, 2017). It can be seen that there are certain principles or standards that the auditors needs to comply with at the time of performing the audit operations for the business organizations. There are three principles in the general standards in GAAS. First, the auditor must have enough level of technical knowledge and experience for conducting the audit operations. Second, there must be mental independence of the auditors at the time of audit operations. Third, at the time of audit operations, the auditors must exercise due professional care (Christensen et al., 2015). There are three principles in standards of fieldwork in GAAS. First, before any audit operations, the auditors need to prepare their audit plan and should proceed as per the plan. Second, the auditors must obtain sufficient amount of knowledge and understanding about the business operations of the audit clients (Causholli Knechel, 2012). Third, at the time of performing the audit operations, the auditors must obtain sufficient audit evidence to make the audit opinion. There are four principles in standards of reporting in GAAS. First, the auditors must state that whether the financial statements of the audit client is prepared with accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principle (GAAP) (Kinney Jr, 2015). Second, the auditors must identify the places in the financial statement where there is irregularity. Third, the auditors must state all the necessary aspects in the audit reports. Fourth, based on the analysis of the financial statements of the audit client, the auditor s need to make their audit opinion in the audit report (Flood, 2016). ISACAs COBIT Information Systems Audit and Control Association, commonly known as ISACA, is an association that provides specific guidance, benchmark and other effective tools to the business organizations that use information technology. With the help of various kinds of tools, ISACA defines the roles of audit, assurance, security, governance of information system in the process of IT audit (isaca.org, 2017). In the framework of ISACA, one of the most important frameworks is the COBIT framework. COBIT stands for Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology. COBIT refers to a set of practices for Information Technology Management. ISACA developed COBIT in the year of 1996 for the objective of IT governance. COBIT helps the business organizations by creating optimal value from Information Technology with the help of maintaining a balance between optimal risk levels and realized benefits. COBIT provides assistance to the business organizations by enabling the management of information and technology of the organizations in a holistic manner. A major advantage of COBIT is that the principles of COBIT can be applied to every kind of business organizations irrespective of the size, nature and type of the industry. This is also applicable for the non-profit making organizations. At the time of conducting the IT audit operations, the auditor need to taken into consideration all the principles of COBIT (Qualified-audit-partners.be, 2017). COBIT framework is considered as a single framework that is highly integrated. The business organizations consider the COBIT framework as an important tool to fulfill the needs of the stakeholders of the organizations as it assists to provide true and fair information to the stakeholders of the organizations. Audit Strategies The main objective of this report is to analyze and evaluate the various aspect of the Information System audit report of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report. In the earlier section of this report, the principles and standards of GAAS are discussed. From the discussion about the principles and standards of GAAS, it can be observed that before the starting of the audit operations, it is the duty of the auditors to develop the detailed plan of the audit operation along with the development of the audit strategies. There is not any exception of this fact in case of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report about the information technology. Some specific strategies have been at the time of the development of this audit report. This particular audit report is the summary of the results of the 2012 annual cycle of audit. As per the audit strategy, the main objective of this report is to audit the various aspects of the information technology regarding to the business organizations. According to the audit strategy of this report, twenty-one companies have been benchmarked against the International Standards for Information Security. This is a major strategy for the preparation of this report. These agencies have been taken into consideration so that the information technology performance of the business organizations can be compared against them. This is a useful strategy to detect the loopholes in the various aspects of the information technology of the business organizations. The main purpose behind the adoption of this strategy is to highlight the needs for the organizations to provide greater attention to the risk management and security issues regarding the information technology. Another major strategy of the preparation of this audit report is the selection of five key business applications. These five aspects are taken into consideration, as they are the important factors in the information technology. The audit evaluation of these five aspects will be h elpful to detect the weaknesses and loopholes in the various infrastructure of the information technology of the companies. These major strategies have been used in this audit report. Identification and Discussion of Irregularities From the earlier discussion, it can be observed that there are various kinds of principles and regulations of audition profession that the auditors need to comply with at the time of conducting the audit operations for the organizations (Vanstraelen et al., 2012). According to the auditing principles and standards, an audit report must have some major components. The first two components are the title of the report and a proper introduction. In case of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report, these two parts are present as the report has both a title and an introduction. However, the report does not have any separate section for scope, as this is one of the requirements of an ideal audit report. In the scope paragraph, the rules and methods that need to be followed at the time of preparing the report are mentioned. In the Western Australian Auditor Generals Report, the auditors have not mentioned the methods and standards that have been followed at the time of preparing audit repo rt (Mock et al., 2012). The findings of the audit operations are all over the audit report. It implies that the auditor have done his job significantly. Another two of the major components of the audit reports are the name of the auditor and signature of the auditor. In case of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report, it can be seen that both these above-mentioned aspects are presented in the audit report (Knechel et al., 2012). The last component of audit report is the auditors recommendations that are well provided in the audit report. Recommendations From the above discussion, some irregularities can be spotted in the Western Australian Auditor Generals Report. Due to these irregularities, it is hard to understand that whether this report has complied with all the auditing standards and principles. Hence, some of the recommendations are provided below: It is recommended that that the audit report needs to be developed as per the actual structure of the audit reports. It is recommended that all the components of an ideal audit report must be there in the Western Australian Auditor Generals Report. It is recommended that at the time of preparing the audit report, the auditor needs to follow the guidelines and principles of Generally Accepted Auditing Standards. It is recommended that the audit report must contain the scope and executive summary portions that will include the rules and methods that need to be mentioned at the time of developing the audit reports. Conclusion The main objective of the study is to analyze and evaluate the different aspects of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report that is about the audit on information technology. For this purpose, there major aspects that needed to be discussed are the audit legislations, Generally Accepted Auditing Standards and ISACAs COBIT. Three of the major audit legislatives are Auditor-General Act 1997, Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 and Australia National Audit Office (ANAO) Auditing Standard. At the time of the audit operations, the auditors need to comply with all the standards. In case of Western Australian Auditor Generals Report, the auditor has adopted certain strategies so that the loophole in the information technologies of the companies can be identified. Some of the major irregularities in the Western Australian Auditor Generals Report have been spotted. It has been seen that some of the major components of the ideal audit report are missing in the Western Australian Auditor Generals Report like the scope of the report, the used methods in the report and others. Based on the outcome of the whole study, some recommendations have been provided. References About ISACA. (2017).Isaca.org. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.isaca.org/about-isaca/Pages/default.aspx Arens, A. A., Elder, R. J., Mark, B. (2012).Auditing and assurance services: an integrated approach. Boston: Prentice Hall. Australian Auditing Standards. (2017).Auasb.gov.au. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.auasb.gov.au/Pronouncements/Australian-Auditing-Standards.aspx Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) Auditing Standards (09/03/2017). (2017).Legislation.gov.au. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2017L00230 Causholli, M., Knechel, W. R. (2012). An examination of the credence attributes of an audit.Accounting Horizons,26(4), 631-656. Christensen, B. E., Glover, S. M., Omer, T. C., Shelley, M. K. (2015). Understanding audit quality: Insights from audit professionals and investors.Contemporary Accounting Research. COBIT 5 ISACA's new framework for IT Governance, Risk, Security and Auditing. (2017).qualified-audit-partners.be. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.qualified-audit-partners.be/user_files/QECB_GLC_COBIT_5_ISACA_s_new_framework_201303.pdf Flood, J. M. (2016). AU?C 230 Audit Documentation.Wiley Practitioner's Guide to GAAS 2015: Covering all SASs, SSAEs, SSARSs, PCAOB Auditing Standards, and Interpretations, 23-32. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards. (2017).aicpa.org. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.aicpa.org/Research/Standards/AuditAttest/DownloadableDocuments/AU-00150.pdf Kinney Jr, W. R. (2015). GAAS 1963-2012: The Global Foundation of Independent Audits and Research in Auditing. Knechel, W. R., Krishnan, G. V., Pevzner, M., Shefchik, L. B., Velury, U. K. (2012). Audit quality: Insights from the academic literature.Auditing: A Journal of Practice Theory,32(sp1), 385-421. Legislation and standards | Australian National Audit Office. (2017).Anao.gov.au. Retrieved 8 May 2017, from https://www.anao.gov.au/about/legislation-and-standards Meyer, C. (2016). Sound Audit Quality Control.Journal of Accountancy,221(3), 18. Mock, T. J., Bdard, J., Coram, P. J., Davis, S. M., Espahbodi, R., Warne, R. C. (2012). The audit reporting model: Current research synthesis and implications.Auditing: A Journal of Practice Theory,32(sp1), 323-351. Pitt, S. A. (2014). International standards for the professional practice of internal auditing. Vanstraelen, A., Schelleman, C., Meuwissen, R., Hofmann, I. (2012). The audit reporting debate: Seemingly intractable problems and feasible solutions.European Accounting Review,21(2), 193-215.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Construction of the Pantheon free essay sample

An in depth look at this historic temple, with detailed descriptions as well as illustrations. This paper includes a look at the construction of the Pantheon in Rome. The author provides a historical background regarding its creation under the ruler, Hadrian, as well as photos of this building. The focus of the paper is on a walkthrough of this architectural site. Throughout Roman history, many influential temples have been built. Perhaps the most recognizable and influential temple in all of imperial Rome is the Pantheon. Most temples that were built in ancient Rome were dedicated to a single god, or possibly a few gods. Built by the Emperor Hadrian, the ideology behind the Pantheon was to give remembrance and respect to all of the gods in ancient Rome. Since this temple was turned into a church in the early seventh century A.D., it was maintained and preserved very well, and can still be visited today. We will write a custom essay sample on The Construction of the Pantheon or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Within this research paper, I will provide a detailed look at the construction of the Pantheon, as well as Hadrians motivation to erect this building.